Regional Background, Lahore

Pakistan has a rich cultural and ethnic background going back to the Indus Valley Civilization, 2800 BC – 1800 BC, a civilization remarkable for its ordered cities, advanced sanitation, straight roads and uniquely structured society. Pakistan has been invaded many times. it has been occupied and settled by many different peoples each of whom have left their imprint on the current inhabitants of the country.

There are many distinct ethnic groups reflecting these many different cultures as well as the influences of surrounding countries.  Pakistan was a part of British India when in 1947, the Pakistan Movement for a state for Muslims (the majority population), resulted in the independence and creation of the state of Pakistan.  With the adoption of its constitution in 1956, Pakistan became an Islamic republic.


People are emotional with their faiths. Social issues often become highlighted as religious issues, creating trouble among the sects and religions. This scenario has been reflected since the inception of the country. This environment creates social and religious frustration among the people of different faiths. It has also been observed that religious leaders and media are opinion makers in the society.  Once these leaders have been sensitized to bring peace and harmony in their communities, they can become role models and catalysts in this regard.  Opening dialogue on peace and socio-religious harmony among religious leaders and communities initiates the possibility of them living together without any religious bias.